How deeply rooted is the romanticism in England: the first with Wordsword and Coleridge, the second with Shelley, Keats and Byron. In Germany the romanticism really is a revival of it’s own nature, and literature wise it forms it’s golden age, with Schiller, Goethe, Kleist, Brentano, Heine and Hölderlin.
Thou was not born for death, immortal Bird!
No hungry generations tread thee down;
The voice I hear this passing night was heard
In ancient days by emperor and clown.
Keats does two things at the same time, says Bowra. He turns himself to the individual, living nightingale which inspired his poem, but he goes on to an idyllic bird, that is a symbol of careless, timeless singing.
And as all romanticists he awakens in us with the individual sensible impression the resounding of an unseen world, that stretches behind the direct reality.
A main inspiration of romanticists was nature: Think of Perk, Kloos, Hélène Swarth, Verwey, Gorter mainly with his Mei; in England the Lake-poets, in germany the nature-lyricals and nature stories of Eichendorff, Uhland and many others.
This is a fragment I translated from the book:
De Nederlander uiterlijk en innerlijk
by: Prof. Dr. A. Chorus
I chose to translate this, to inspire to look up some of the poetry, and also to get recommendations as in suggested reading. Which poems do you think are a Must-Read?